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Year-round Tips to Maintain Your Lawn

A well-maintained lawn can enhance your home’s curb appeal and give you a sense of pride. Consistent care is key whether you’re adding value to your property or simply want a lush, green yard. Follow these lawn care basics to ensure your lawn stays healthy and vibrant.

Lawn Care Basics

Effective lawn care goes beyond occasional mowing and weeding. Preventative measures can keep weeds and pests at bay, making maintenance easier and more efficient.

1. Know Your Grass

Identify the types of grass and plants native to your area, as these are more likely to thrive with less effort. Understanding the conditions that encourage weed growth helps prevent them. For instance, crabgrass thrives in poorly irrigated lawns.

Tip: Healthy lawns naturally suppress weeds. Regular watering and mowing at the highest setting can significantly reduce weed growth.

2. Test Your Soil

Thatch, the layer of organic material between grass and soil, can benefit or harm your lawn depending on its thickness. Conduct a soil test to monitor thatch and ensure your lawn has the right pH balance, typically around 6.5.

3. Aerate Your Lawn

Aeration involves creating holes in your lawn to improve airflow and soil compaction, helping water and nutrients reach the roots. This is best done at the start of spring, summer, or fall. Equipment like spike aerators and core aerators can be rented for this purpose.

4. Add Fertilizer

Proper fertilization is crucial. Use slow-release fertilizers, which are better for the lawn and the environment. Carefully read labels to apply the correct amount and avoid lawn damage.

5. Seed Your Lawn

Choose grass seeds suited to your climate and soil. For new lawns, prepare the soil thoroughly and follow the seed packaging instructions. For existing lawns, mow short, aerate, and distribute seeds evenly.

6. Water Deeply

Watering is essential, but finding the right balance is key. Adjust your watering schedule based on the weather, and water deeply to encourage root growth.

Tip: Use an irrigation system and adjust it during heavy rainfall to save water and money.

7. Maintain Your Mower

Regular mowing keeps your lawn healthy. Only mow dry grass and maintain sharp blades for a clean cut. Vary your mowing patterns to encourage upright grass growth.

8. Invest in Weed and Pest Control

Weeds and pests can damage your lawn. Use lawn-specific herbicides for weed control and monitor for pests like grubs and cinch bugs. Professional services might be needed for severe infestations.

Seasonal Lawn Care Tips

Fall Lawn Care Tips

  • Mow Shorter: Cut the grass shorter on your final mow to reduce moisture buildup.
  • Use Leaves: Mulch fallen leaves to provide nutrients to your lawn.
  • Clear Debris: Remove sticks and debris to prevent snow mold.
  • Aerate: Relieve soil compaction before winter.

Winter Lawn Care Tips

  • Check Equipment: Ensure all lawn equipment is in working order.
  • Avoid Trampling: Prevent erosion by minimizing foot traffic on the lawn.
  • Prevent Salt Damage: Use calcium chloride instead of sodium chloride for de-icing.

Spring Lawn Care Tips

  • Dethatch and Rake: Remove matted grass and debris to allow air and water to reach the soil.
  • Reseed: Address patchy areas by reseeding or using sod.
  • Water Deeply: Ensure long, deep watering sessions.

Summer Lawn Care Tips

  • Mow Taller: Adjust your mower to leave grass taller in summer.
  • Treat Pests: Monitor and treat for pests like grubs and ticks.
  • Fertilize: Use nutrient-rich fertilizers to support healthy growth.
  • Plant Flowers: Plant perennials for recurring blooms each year.


Understanding your lawn’s needs and providing regular care will keep it healthy and attractive. Whether you hire professionals or take the DIY route, maintaining your lawn is an important part of homeownership. For personalized advice, consider consulting a lawn care expert.

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